The 10-year U.S. Treasury yield slipped from its earlier highs on Wednesday after the Federal Reserve and Chair Jerome Powell indicated that the central bank expected strong economic growth this year but had no plans to hike its policy interest rate.
The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note was up slightly to 1.63% at 3:10 p.m. ET. The yield on the 30-year Treasury bond climbed about 4 basis point to 2.428%. Yields move inversely to prices (1 basis point equals 0.01%).
The 10-year hit a high of 1.689% earlier in the session, its highest level since Jan. 24, 2020. The 30-year also hit its highest levels since early last year. The 10-year was trading nearly 1.66% when the Fed announcement was released at 2 p.m., and rates drifted lower as Fed Chair Jerome Powell reinforced a dovish stance for the central bank during his afternoon press conference.
The Federal Open Market Committee voted to keep its benchmark interest rate near zero and to continue its asset buying program of at least $120 billion in bonds a month. The central bank indicated that it did not expect to hike the interest rate through 2023.
The Fed also said that it expected gross domestic product growth to reach 6.5% this year and for core inflation to reach 2.2%, with both measures then projected to cool off in 2022. Those projections, combined with the expected path of the benchmark interest rate, shows that the central bank is sticking to its plan of letting the economy run hot as the U.S. recovers from the pandemic.
“Basically the bottom line is the reflation trade remains intact,” said Jim Caron, head of global macro strategy at Morgan Stanley Investment Management. “There was no signal of a premature rate hike…Importantly the Fed does not see inflation really rising materially above 2% throughout their forecast horizon, through 2023. Most people think the threshold to raise rates is 2.5%, and the Fed is saying we’re below that.”
Shorter term interest rates, including the 2-year Treasury yield, were slightly lower on the day.
The 10-year Treasury yield has risen rapidly recently amid concerns about potential growth in inflation, as economies reopen and recover from the coronavirus pandemic. The 10-year yield started the year at 0.9%.
However, Ian Shepherdson, chief economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics, told CNBC’s “Squawk Box Europe” on Wednesday morning that the yield was “still close to zero in real terms.”
Shepherdson believed that while Powell would once again push back on some of the market’s inflation fears, he suggested the Fed chairman wouldn’t talk about tapering its bond buying program in Wednesday’s press conference.
He explained that this is because “as soon as the Fed starts talking about tapering, then yields will rocket immediately because that’s what markets do — you give markets an inch and they take a yard — especially in Treasuries at moment.”
“So the Fed therefore I think wants to keep this talk really dampened down as much as they possibly can until they can’t,” he added.
Shepherdson pointed out that this lack of indication from the Fed on when any policy changes might come was “kind of justifiable because this recovery is still a forecast.”
On the economic data front, the Commerce Department said Wednesday morning that housing starts fell sharply in February, a month marked by severe weather across much of the United States.
An auction were held Wednesday before the Fed announcement for $35 billion of 119-day bills.
— CNBC’s Maggie Fitzgerald, Patti Domm and Jeff Cox contributed to this report.